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Amphibians Asia HK Species Profiles

Green Cascade Frog – Hong Kong Wildlife | 大綠蛙 – 香港野生動物

The Green cascade frog, also known as Chloronate huia frog or Copper-cheeked frog, is a species of true frog (family Ranidae). As a matter of fact, many frog-like amphibians in Hong Kong are not true frogs.

Being quite large in size, bright green all over the back, and can make bigger jumps than most other local frogs, this is a frog you don’t easily misidentify when you come across one. I often find them in the same habitats with the very common Whipping frogs, Banded bullfrogs, Black-spined toads, and Hong Kong newts.

This species is also found in other parts of China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, and possibly Bangladesh and Nepal.

Sorry for poor quality – it’s from a video I was recording the jump

Odorrana chloronota (Günther, 1875)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Odorrana
Species: chloronota

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

大綠蛙廣泛分布於香港的山溪

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Amphibians Asia HK

Interracial Love Also Occurs In Nature

Interracial love also occurs in nature, though rare — Hong Kong newts (Paramesotriton hongkongensis) and Banded bullfrogs (Kaloula pulchra) co-exist in their natural habitats. They coulda been fighting for food. But they chose to form an alliance to defend each other as one.

Even species ain’t no matter. Why races?

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Amphibians Asia HK Species Profiles

Short-legged Horned Toad – Hong Kong Wildlife | 短腳角蟾 – 香港野生動物

If you will ask “What is a horned toad?”

  1. Most people will have zero ideas.
  2. Those who are into herpetology or herpetoculture will easily name the horned lizards (Phrynosoma sp) which are commonly known as horned toads, even though they are some North American lizards, not toads.
  3. Some may think of the much more well-known horned frogs from South America (Ceratophrys sp). Not toads either.
  4. Only very few people know about this one to be genuinely called horned toads.

But don’t be too serious. Common names of animals are rarely preciously accurate. That is why scientific names are to matter.

The Short-legged horned toad (Megophrys (Xenophrys) brachykolos) is also known as Peak spadefoot toad because it was first discovered in the Victoria Peak (locally known as The Peak), Hong Kong.

Its subtleness comes from its discreteness – It is a tiny little toad growing to less than 40-48 mm that burrows a lot and it is far from common. They are not easy to find at all!

Not to be confused with the common toad you can easily find, this species is pretty rare – Out of all 23 amphibian species of Hong Kong, there are only 3 endangered species – Hong Kong cascade frog (Amolops hongkongensis) 香港湍蛙, the most well-known Romer’s tree frog (Liuixalus romeri) 盧文氏樹蛙, and this toad.

Previously thought to be a subspecies of the Little horned toad (Megophrys minor). But molecular genetic evidence now supports its full species status. The 2 species are obviously different. The Little horned toad is absent in Hong Kong but much more common in southern China and Southeast Asia.

Not an endemic species – Other than Hong Kong, it can also be found in southern China and Vietnam. But it is hardly known outside Hong Kong. To be fair, it is even not known to most people in Hong Kong.

Megophrys brachykolos (Inger and Romer, 1961)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Megophryidae
Genus: Megophrys
Species: brachykolos

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

短腳角蟾, 短肢角蟾

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Amphibians Asia HK Species Profiles

Painted Chorus Frog – Hong Kong Wildlife | 粗皮姬蛙 – 香港野生動物

The Painted chorus frog (Microhyla butleri) has many other common names such as Butler’s narrow-mouthed toad, Butler’s pigmy frog, Butler’s rice frog, Butler’s ricefrog, noisy frog, or Tubercled pygmy frog.

Microhyla butleri (Boulenger, 1900)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Genus: Microhyla
Species: butleri

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

粗皮姬蛙, 巴氏小雨蛙

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Amphibians Asia HK Species Profiles

Banded Bullfrog – Hong Kong Wildlife | 花狹口蛙 – 香港野生動物

Banded bullfrog (Kaloula pulchra) is also called Asiatic painted frog, Malaysian narrow-mouthed toad, Asian banded bullfrog, Rice frog, Bubble frog, and Chubby frog.

Kaloula pulchra (Gray, 1831)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Genus: Kaloula
Species: pulchra

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

花狹口蛙, 亞洲錦蛙

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Amphibians Asia HK Species Profiles

Hong Kong Whipping Frog – Hong Kong Wildlife | 斑腿泛樹蛙 – 香港野生動物

Hong Kong whipping frog (Polypedates megacephalus), also called Spot-legged tree frog, is a species in the shrub frog family (Rhacophoridae). In Hong Kong, it is more commonly known as “Brown tree frog”. But this name is otherwise applied to a few other species of frogs such as Litoria ewingii and Litoria littlejohni of Australia in family Pelodryadidae, and Ecnomiohyla miliaria of Central America in the true tree frog family (Hylidae).

It is widely spread throughout Hong Kong including all major islands. This species is also native to central, southern and southwestern China (including Taiwan and Hainan) and Indo-China peninsula.

An ‘X’-shaped marking can be seen on some of the frogs’ back. Males grow to 5 – 6 cm. Females are bigger, can grow to up to 8 cm. The breeding season is from April to September. Females lay eggs in a white foam nest on tree trunks, bushes, or rocks near water. The nests separate tadpoles from water.

When threatened they can secrete a fluid that may be toxic or unpalatable to potential predators.

Polypedates megacephalus (Hallowell, 1861)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Rhacophoridae
Genus: Polypedates
Species: megacephalus

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

斑腿泛樹蛙、斑腿樹蛙、棕樹蛙、大頭樹蛙、大頭泛樹蛙

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Amphibians Asia HK Species Profiles

Asian Black-spined Toad – Hong Kong Wildlife | 黑眶蟾蜍 – 香港野生動物

Asian black-spined toad (Duttaphrynus melanostictus) is also called Asian common toad, black-spectacled toad, or just Asian toad. It is probably the most common amphibian in Hong Kong.

It is also widely distributed throughout Asia from Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, southern China, Taiwan, and Macau to Malaysia, Singapore, and the Indonesian islands of Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Anambas and Natuna Islands.

It has been accidentally introduced to many other parts of the world as an invasive species such Bali in 1958, Sulawesi in 1974, then subsequently to Ambon, Lombok, Sumba, Sumbawa, Timor and Indonesian New Guinea, Australia in 2000, and Madagascar in 2011.

Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Schneider, 1799)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Duttaphrynus
Species: melanostictus

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

黑眶蟾蜍, 癩蝦蟆

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Amphibians Asia HK Species Profiles

Hong Kong Newt – Hong Kong Wildlife | 香港蠑螈 – 香港野生動物

We have many native frogs, but only 1 tailed amphibian (salamander or newt).

The Hong Kong Newt, or Hong Kong Warty Newt (Paramesotriton hongkongensis) – I have usually found them in clean mountain streams in Lantau, Hong Kong Island, and the eastern and northern parts of New Territories.

It was once believed to be an endemic species of Hong Kong, but later also found in Guangdong Province in China. Some scientists consider it a subspecies of the Chinese warty newt (Paramesotriton chinensis) but many disagree.

They can grow to up to 15 cm (5.9″) and are very slow-moving carnivores so they mainly prey on earthworms and tadpoles. When hungry they even eat the eggs of their own kind!

Basically nocturnal but they also come out in the daytime in a large group during the breeding season. I have seen over 100 of them crawling on land at a time!

Paramesotriton hongkongensis (Myers and Leviton, 1962)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Urodela
Family: Salamandridae
Genus: Paramesotriton
Species: P. hongkongensis

Where in HK?
New Territories, Hong Kong Island, Lantau, etc

Size: 15 cm
Distribution: Hong Kong, Guangdong Province.
Habitat: Unpolluted mountain streams
Diet: Carnivore
Behavior: Nocturnal
Conservation status: Near Threatened

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

香港有很多蛙類, 但只有一種有尾的兩棲類, 香港瘰螈

香港蠑螈, 我曾經在大嶼山的一些清澈山澗, 找到牠們的蹤跡, 也曾發現牠們於香港島 新界東及新界北。曾經被認為是香港獨有的品種, 但後來發現中國廣東一帶也有出沒。

牠們體長可達15厘米, 牠們是動作很慢的肉食性動物, 主要以蚯蚓及蝌蚪為食。牠們肚餓的時候, 甚麼會進食同類的蛋!

基本上是夜行性動物, 但也會在日間出沒, 特別是繁殖期間, 會群體出沒, 我曾經看過多達100隻香港瘰螈同時出現呢。

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Amphibians Asia HK Species Profiles

Spotted Narrow-mouthed Frog – Hong Kong Wildlife | 花细狹口蛙 – 香港野生動物

Cute little mouth in the 852.

I rarely post local species doesn’t mean I don’t do field trips (or herping) in here. It’s just there’re too many animals around the globe that are piquing my “never-canceled” curiosity. Now, staying at home, it’s never been a better time to re-explore Home Kong.

This Hong Kong resident is a Spotted narrow-mouthed frog or known as Kalophrynus interlineatus in science. 1 of the 5 local species in the narrow-mouthed frog family (Microhylidae).

In Hong Kong they are only found in northern New Territories but not Lantau, Kowloon or Hong Kong Island. I found this one in Fanling. They can also be found in southern China, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand. Their habitats are forests, cultivated lands and grasslands.

It has subtle eardrums that can hardly be seen. Being small (4 cm) and looking cute doesn’t mean it’s vulnerable. It does secrete toxic fluid when threatened. Oh, and yes, obviously it can only eat a teeny weeny bit of food — mainly ants!

Kalophrynus interlineatus (Edward Blyth, 1855)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Genus: Kalophrynus
Species: interlineatus

Where in HK?
northern New Territories

Size: 4 – 6 cm
Distribution: Southern Asia
Habitat: Terrestrial
Diet: Insectivore
Conservation status: Least Concern

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

這可愛的蛙類是花细狹口蛙, 又名條紋狹口蛙, 你只能在香港北面的新界找得到, 但不能在大嶼山, 九龍或香港島。

這一隻花细狹口蛙是在粉嶺找到的, 牠們也曾出沒在中國南部 緬甸 越南及泰國, 牠們一般於森林, 耕地, 以及草原出沒。 牠們主要以蟻類為食, 因為牠們的口太小了。

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Africa Amphibians

Frogs in Madagascar I Encountered

Frogs are the only amphibians in Madagascar. There are no toads, salamanders, newts, or caecilians.

Malagasy painted mantella (Mantella madagascariensis)