Categories
Asia Hong Kong Species Fact File

Hong Kong Monkeys | 香港獼猴

There are around 1,800 wild monkeys in Hong Kong. None of them are native to Hong Kong. They were introduced. There are 2 species in Hong Kong – Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), Long-tailed Macaque or crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), and their hybrids.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Genus: Macaca (Lacépède, 1799)

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

獼猴, 長尾獼猴, 恆河猴, 西藏短尾猴, 藏酋猴, 馬騮, 野猴

Categories
Africa Americas Asia Australia Europe Hong Kong Species Fact File

Wild Boar – Hong Kong Wildlife | 野豬 – 香港野生動物

The Wild boars (Sus scrofa) is also known as wild swine, common wild pig, or simply wild pig.

Sus scrofa (Linnaeus, 1758)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Sus
Species: scrofa

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

野豬, 山豬

Categories
Asia Hong Kong Species Fact File

Short-legged Horned Toad – Hong Kong Wildlife | 短腳角蟾 – 香港野生動物

The show was stolen, and even its name.

“What is a horned toad?”

  1. Most people will have zero ideas.
  2. Those who are into herpetology will name the North American horned lizards (Phrynosoma sp) which are commonly known as horned toads. Right, they are not toads.
  3. Some may think of the much more well-known horned frogs either from South America (Ceratophrys sp) or Asia (Megophrys sp). Neither are toads as well.
  4. No one knows about this real horned toad.

But don’t be too serious. Common names of animals are rarely preciously accurate. That is why we need scientific names.

The Short-legged horned toad (Megophrys (Xenophrys) brachykolos) is also known as Peak spadefoot toad because it was first discovered in the Victoria Peak (locally known as The Peak), Hong Kong.

Its subtleness comes from its discreteness – It is a tiny little toad growing to less than 40-48 mm that burrows a lot and it is far from common. They are not easy to find at all!

Out of all 23 amphibian species of Hong Kong, there are only 3 endangered species – Hong Kong cascade frog (Amolops hongkongensis) 香港湍蛙, the most well-known Romer’s tree frog (Liuixalus romeri) 盧文氏樹蛙, and this toad.

Previously thought to be a subspecies of the Little horned toad (Megophrys minor). But molecular genetic evidence now supports its full species status. The 2 species are obviously different. The Little horned toad is absent in Hong Kong but much more common in southern China and Southeast Asia.

Not an endemic species – Other than Hong Kong, it can also be found in southern China and Vietnam. But it is hardly known outside Hong Kong. To be fair, it is even not known to most people in Hong Kong.

Megophrys brachykolos (Inger and Romer, 1961)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Megophryidae
Genus: Megophrys
Species: brachykolos

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

短腳角蟾, 短肢角蟾

Categories
Asia Hong Kong Species Fact File

Painted Chorus Frog – Hong Kong Wildlife | 粗皮姬蛙 – 香港野生動物

The Painted chorus frog (Microhyla butleri) has many other common names such as Butler’s narrow-mouthed toad, Butler’s pigmy frog, Butler’s rice frog, Butler’s ricefrog, noisy frog, or Tubercled pygmy frog.

Microhyla butleri (Boulenger, 1900)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Microhylidae
Genus: Microhyla
Species: butleri

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

粗皮姬蛙, 巴氏小雨蛙

Categories
Africa Americas Asia Australia Europe Hong Kong Species Fact File

Scarab Beetle – Hong Kong Wildlife | 金龜子 – 香港野生動物

Because of its glamorous metallic colors, these were the popular bugs Hong Kong kids used to spend their springs and summers finding them in the bush back in the 1970’s to 80’s.

There are over 30,000 species of scarabs in the world.

In Hong Kong, the more common scarabs include The green chafer beetles (Anomala cupripes and Anomala corpulenta)

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Superfamily: Scarabaeoidea
Family: Scarabaeidae (Latreille, 1802)

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

金龜子, 金龜

Categories
Asia Hong Kong Species Fact File

Red-whiskered Bulbul – Hong Kong Wildlife | 紅耳鵯 – 香港野生動物

Red-whiskered bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus), or also called Crested bulbul, is a passerine bird in Asia, a member of the bulbul family. It is a resident frugivore found mainly in tropical Asia.

In Hong Kong, it is more common than most of other bulbuls such as the Sooty-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster).

Pycnonotus jocosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: jocosus

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

紅耳鵯,又名紅頰鵯,俗名高髻冠、高雞冠、高冠鳥、黑頭公、紅屎忽

Categories
Asia Hong Kong Species Fact File

Asian Water Dragon – Hong Kong Wildlife | 長鬣蜥 – 香港野生動物

An alien species of Hong Kong – the Asian water dragon (Physignathus cocincinus) is originally native to China and mainland Southeast Asia. It is also known as the Chinese water dragon, Thai water dragon, and green water dragon.

The Asian water dragon is the only all-green lizard in Hong Kong (if the Green iguanas and Madagascar day geckos have not yet developed local populations), not to be confused with the Australian water dragon (Intellagama lesueurii, formerly Physignathus lesueurii) which’s colors vary from brown, olive, dark gray to light gray.

Physignathus cocincinus (Cuvier, 1829)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Iguania
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Physignathus
Species: cocincinus

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

長鬣蜥, 水龍, 綠水龍, 中國水龍, 亞洲水龍

Categories
Asia Hong Kong Species Fact File

Gray’s Chinese Gecko – Hong Kong Wildlife | 中國壁虎 – 香港野生動物

Gray’s Chinese gecko (Gekko chinensis) is a species of gecko endemic to southern China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan) and Hong Kong.

There are 8 species of geckos in Hong Kong. The Gray’s Chinese gecko is the second most common gecko after the “house gecko”, Bowring’s gecko (Hemidactylus bowringii)

Gekko chinensis (Gray, 1842)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Gekkonidae
Genus: Gekko
Species: chinensis

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

中國壁虎, 中國蜥虎, 中國守宮, 檐蛇, 簷蛇

Categories
Asia Hong Kong Species Fact File

Amphibious Litter Cockroach – Hong Kong Wildlife | 東方水蠊 – 香港野生動物

Opisthoplatia orientalis (Burmeister, 1838)
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Blattodea
Family: Blaberidae
Genus: Opisthoplatia
Species: orientalis

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

東方水蠊, 金邊土鱉, 東洋斑蜚蠊, 東洋斑蠊, 短翅蟑螂, Amphibious Litter Roach

Categories
Africa Americas Asia Australia Europe Hong Kong Species Fact File

Jumping Spider – Hong Kong Wildlife | 跳蛛 – 香港野生動物

These teeny weeny little spiders have huge eyes! Jumping spiders have 4 pairs of eyes – 1 principal pair that is movable and 3 secondary pairs that are fixed.

There are over 6,000 described species of jumping spiders in the world, making it the largest family of spiders at 13% of all species.

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Salticidae (Blackwall, 1841)

See more of my encounters with Hong Kong Wildlife.

蠅虎科